Principles of Hima


Imagine the earliest emergence of a movement that recognized the need for environmental governance. Although, the urgency for environmental protection (and correction) seems to have accelerated in recent years, for many of today’s young adults, there never was a time in their lives when this was not an issue. These same adults may believe that it was as far back as 1970 that this sensitivity first took hold with the founding of Earth Day. Some may believe that it was with the founding of one of the many United Nations’ agencies devoted to the humanitarian or environmental needs.

While those are admirable guesses, they are a bit too modern. You may be surprised to learn that one of the earliest (or perhaps THE earliest) environmental movement originated nearly 15,000 years ago in the Middle East.

The process is known as Hima.

Hima, which literary means “Protected Area” in Arabic, can be defined as a Community Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) System that Promote Sustainable Livelihood, Resources Conservation, and Environmental Protection, for the Human well-being. The system was practiced in the Arabian Peninsula and was perfected by the Prophet of Islam by introducing social justice in to the governance structure. The Hima system is one of the most widespread systems of traditional conservation in the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region and beyond where Muslims had presence such as India, Indonesia, Philippine and so forth.

The modern revival of its processes began in the early 1990s. We shall learn if ancient wisdom and knowledge will demonstrate successful options to modern procedures. At this moment, all options should be evaluated. We’ve got a lot of work ahead.


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