As the world’s second most populous nation behind China, India’s ecosystems are under assault from much of its population of 1.2 billion people. Environmental sustainability is not just a catchy phrase to be used whenever there are concerns about preserving ecosystems. It also does not cast a dark shadow on debates around the world as does climate change.
The quality of a sustainable environment is clearly visible for all to see.
India’s “the Centre for Forest and Natural Resources Management Studies (CEFNARM) of the forest department of Andhra Pradesh has identified 80 potential sites in the state where biodiversity conservation has encompassed livelihoods that use flora, fauna and traditional knowledge of local communities.”
These biodiversity centers offer great potential to harvest products in sustainable ways that can ensure future availability. “Livelihoods in these case studies entail the sustainable use of bamboo for handicrafts, harvesting of non-timber forest produce such as honey and gum, conservation of medicinal plants, mangroves and community-based ecotourism activities.”
These crafts/businesses “are examples of what The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) actually means.” In its initial stages, TEEB is gaining the attention from neighboring countries like Nepal and Bangladesh. The difference between India and most other countries is that “India is one of eight worldwide centres of intense biodiversity, holding eight percent of the world’s total species and home to three of the world’s biodiversity hotspots.”
This article from InterPress News Agency: India to Conserve Biodiversity at Grassroots highlights what is being achieved in India.